Things You Should Know About Kidney Stones

Different people at peculiar stages in life experience kidney stones and face the cumbersome challenge of how to manage and treat the disease. I will share insights on the causes, and the effective treatment options. You will also get more information on how you can prevent the incidence of this disease and take the right precautions.

Before we go further it is necessary to explain the term “Kidney Stone.”

Kidney stones are small and hard mineral substances that are formed within the kidney.

They are formed from materials that contain crystals such as calcium and uric acid which could not be diluted by the fluid in your urine and this often occurs when your urine does not contain materials that prevent crystals from being stuck together. This results to formation of kidney stones in the body.

Kidney stones are not asymptomatic until they get into the ureter. The following are symptoms of kidney stones.
Blood in urine.
Vomiting and nausea
Reduced amount of urine excretion
Burning sensation while urinating
Acute pain in the groin


There are some precautions that must be maintained and these include the following:

Drink lots of water: Medical practitioners recommend that you should drink lots of water, roughly 12 glasses or about 3 quarts of water in a day, especially if you have a history of kidney stones. This helps to flush out toxins your urinary system. The chances of being dehydrated is higher if you live in a hot and dry climate, so you may need to increase the quantity of water you consume. If your urine is light and clear, it’s a signal that you take enough water, but if it’s dark and concentrated, then it’s time to make the necessary adjustments.

Reduce oxalate-rich foods: If your stones are calcium oxalate in nature, then you may need to avoid foods that contain oxalates such as okra, beets, spinach, sweet potatoes, nuts, soy products and Swiss chard.

Reduce the salt intake and animal protein: You need to minimize the quantity of salt you consume; add little amount while cooking or eating and go for non-animal protein like legumes.

Consult your Doctor: If you have kidney stones, you need to consult your Doctor regularly. Also seek recommendation of a good dietitian that could help you plan your diets.

Treatments options

Medical therapy: Your doctor could give you some medication known as alpha blocker, and this will enable you pass out the stones from your body. It calms the muscles in your ureter and makes you pass the stone more easily. This treatment only works if the kidney stones are small.

There are other treatment options that are effective, if the stones are too large.

Sound waves: Your doctor may opt for another treatment if the stones are too large by using extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL). It uses sound waves with strong vibrations to dissolve the stones into little pieces. Then you can easily pass it out in your urine.

Surgery: You may need to undergo a surgical operation if the kidney stones are large and the ESWL procedure was not successful.

Prevention measures

The best preventive measure is by ensuring you eat right, reduce the intake of salt, and increase the volume of water you drink on a daily basis. This will make you hydrated with sufficient water in your body to dilute the urine and flush out substances that could stick together to form kidney stones.

It goes without saying that there are little ways you can avoid this disease. Always ensure you drink enough water, stay hydrated, avoid much salt intake, and seek medical help where necessary.

Do you know other means of ensuring you stay free from kidney stones? Please, kindly share your experience!


Benefit Sunscreen For Your Child

Summer is upon us and many families indulge in lazy days by the pool or the beach during this time. However, if you’ve allowed your child to play outdoors without adequate sun protection, you’ve taken an enormous health risk.

Andrea Cambio, MD, FAAD, a board-certified paediatric dermatologist says, “It only takes one severe sunburn to potentially double your child’s chances of getting melanoma later in life. We really need to buckle down and protect our young.”

Do you remember your baby’s silk smooth skin? When your child is outdoors, the ultra-violet rays of the sun can easily damage the skin leading to wrinkles and possibly cancer in future. Always keep in mind that there is no such thing as a healthy tan because tanning is a sign of sun damage.

So quite naturally, the foremost question that may come to your mind is at what age is it right to start using sunscreen on your baby?

Prior to 6 months, it is best to avoid sunscreen usage on your baby with exception to those particular products that contain only zinc oxide as the only active ingredient. Use only on the exposed parts of your baby’s body. Additionally, use shaded clothing as the primary protection method. Regulate outdoor times by going out before 10am or after 4pm so that you can avoid the intense sun rays.

This brings us to the next question of – how much sunscreen should I use on my child and in what frequency?

Currently The Skin Cancer Foundation has not prescribed any set amount of sunscreen for growing children. As a parent, ensure that you’ve covered most of the exposed parts and have not ignored places like ears, tops of feet, backs of knees, and hands. Rub the sunscreen at least 30 minutes prior to going out so that the skin has had ample time to absorb the lotion.

It is recommended that you reapply every two hours. However, if your child is playing in the water or has a tendency to sweat, then application should be more frequent.

You might have difficulty in deciding on which is the best sunscreen for your child.

Cambio and pediatrician Jerome A. Paulson, MD, FAAP, medical director for national and global affairs at the Child Health Advocacy Institute of Children’s National Medical Centre in Washington, D.C has recommended, “Choose a sunscreen that contains zinc oxide or titanium dioxide because the compounds are less irritating than others and do not get absorbed into the skin. These ingredients are probably the safest ones out there right now. There is some concern that other sunscreen ingredients, particularly oxybenzone and retinyl palmitate which is form of Vitamin A, may cause harm. However, both chemicals are FDA approved for use in sunscreens.”

In spite of these efforts, your child may still get sunburned.

Do not panic if that happens. Get in touch with your paediatrician especially if your child is below the age of one. If you see blisters, along with severe pain and fever and your child is over one year old, you may try some home remedies like cool baths or a moist compress that may assist in reducing immediate pain, swelling and itching. Until full recovery, ensure that your child does not wander outdoors.


Understanding Treatment For GERD

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease or GERD is a chronic digestive disorder which occurs when the stomach content or acid flows back into the esophagus or food pipe. It affects the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) & results in heartburn or acid indigestion. It produces a harsh burning sensation which radiates through the chest, throat & neck. According to the doctors & surgeons of the best laparoscopic surgery hospitals, GERD may occur due to a hiatal hernia, excessive smoking, drinking alcohol, obesity & pregnancy as well. Most patients suffering from GERD can experience relief through changes in diet, lifestyle & eating habits. However, if the disease is severe & the hernia is strangulated then the patients may require a Laparoscopic Antireflux Surgery along with prescribed medications.

The Laparoscopic Antireflux Surgery is a minimally invasive surgical procedure which repairs the gastroesophageal reflux by creating mechanism valve at the bottom of the esophagus. The treatment results in the reduction of reflux or back flow of stomach acids into the esophagus. It also heals & prevents future damages to the lining of the esophagus. The patients will also be able to get rid of other health diseases including GERD from coming back.

Most surgeons & doctors of the best laparoscopic surgery hospitals prefer the laparoscopic surgery than an open or traditional surgery. This is because in an open surgery, large incisions are required to perform the operation & it takes a lot of time for the patient to recover. On the other hand, during a laparoscopic surgery, the patients are kept under general anesthesia & small incisions are made and the surgical instruments such as the laparoscope, a thin long tube with lights & camera attached to it are inserted through the incisions. The camera transmits images to the monitor which helps the surgeons to perform the entire operation. Due to small incisions, the scars appears to be almost invisible & the patients are not required to stay in the hospital for a long period of time.

The Laparoscopic Antireflux Surgery is one of the best & common surgical procedure for the treatment of the GERD disease. After the surgery, the patients should maintain a proper diet, follow doctor’s medications & should include themselves in regular activities. However, a laparoscopic surgery may not be recommendable to the GERD patients who are suffering from certain health disorders including patients suffering from obesity, aged patients or the patients who cannot tolerate general anesthesia. Therefore, it is highly essential for every patient to consult with the doctors or surgeons of the best laparoscopic surgery hospitals before applying for the surgery.


Treatment For Broken Bones

When you break a bone, the approach is to ensure that the broken pieces are put back into position and immobilized until new material forms and fuses with the surrounding tissue. Sometimes, it can be necessary for the orthopedic surgeon to put the broken bone in its original position. This procedure is referred to as reduction.

Typically, fractures heal by knitting the two ends of the break together, as the new material forms around the edges of the break. However, the treatment for fractures is dependent on the location of the break and whether the fracture is open or closed.

Types Of Treatment For Broken Bones

Orthopedic doctors use a range of treatment options. Some of the most common treatment approaches for are as follows:

Immobilizing Cast: A cast, usually made out of fiberglass or plaster of Paris, is molded around the break to keep it in the right position to facilitate healing.
Functional Cast: Sometimes, it becomes necessary to allow restricted movement of the neighboring joints. In which case, the doctors will use a functional cast to facilitate controlled movement of the joints.
Traction: Using a constant pulling action, the broken bone is put into position so that healing can take place.
External Fixation: Some injuries require more comprehensive treatment. Here, the doctor places metal screws and pins into the bone. These pins are positioned above and below the break and then joined to a metal bar that is placed outside, on the skin. This frame helps stabilize and align the broken bone until healing occurs. In case, the soft tissue is badly bruised and injured, just the external frame is used without the pins and screws until the tissue heals.
Internal Fixation: If the fracture is severe, and there are numerous fragments, the doctor will first position the broken fragments into place. These pieces are held using special screws and plates that are positioned on the outer surface. Alternatively, rods may be placed in the marrow space of the bone to keep the broken pieces in place.

Healing Time For Fractures And Broken Bones

Depending on how severe the break is and how accurately the patient follows their doctor’s advice, the healing can take anywhere from a few weeks to many months. The good news is that the pain will disappear long before it is completely healed. However, muscle strength in the affected area diminishes due to immobilization. This will require you to perform daily exercises to restore muscle strength and joint flexibility and motion.